The Unani system of Medicines has its origin in Greece and it come to India through Arabs. This system attempts to cure diseases by administration of drugs made from Herbs and Minerals. Most of the Unani Drugs have sugar-base as that it is easy to take the medicine. The Unani system has got the following institutions.
NAME OF THE HOSPITAL BED STRENGTH
1) Government Nizamia General Hospital 180 beds
2) Government Unani Hospital 5 beds
Hanamkonda, Warangal Dist.
3) Government Unani Hospital, Nizamabad 5 beds
4) Government Unani Hospital, Kurnool 10 beds
5) Government Unani Hospital 10 beds
Adoni, Kurnool Dist.
6) Dr. Abdul Haq Unani Hospital , Kurnool 50 Beds
The Nizamia General Hospital constructed in the year 1938 by HEH the Nizam . It is a teaching hospital attached to the Nizamia Tibbi College, Hyderabad., The Hospital was started with 180 beds and at present the same beds are continuing The following departments are managed by the Doctors of modern medicine.
3) Dentistry 4) Ophthalmology
Besides above the Hospital is provided with Out-patients and In-patients facilities, Tarkish bath and Ultra sound scanning etc, chronic diseases are also being taken care. Further the Hospital is having medical board to check-up the patients.
NAME OF THE COLLEGE INTAKE CAPACITY
1) Government Nizamia Tibbi College 50 + 28 PG
2) Dr. Abdul Haq Unani Medical College, Kurnool 50
(Private management )
In the year 1810 a few paces away from Charminar on the side of moghalpura entrance arch, in a tinymosque called Sajida Begum Masjid a scholar from Afganstan started holding classes in religious subjects and basis sciences. A course in Unani Tib was also started by him. Till 1910 it functioned as semi Government institution. In 1911 it was taken over by the Government. In 1938-39 this school was upgraded into a college and shifted to the present building in charminar. At present the college is functioning in the premises of Nizamia General Hospital providing BUMS degree course with 5 ½ year duration with 1 year interneeship this college is affiliated to NTR University of Health Sciences, Vijayawada. The annual intake capacity of the college is 50.
To impart education in Unani System of Medicine, there is Government Nizamia Tibbi College, Hyderabad with Annual intake 50 students. It offers 5 1/2 years Degree course in Unani System called as B.U.M.S. (Bachelor of Unani Medicine & Surgery). The medium of instruction is in Urdu.
Besides the 51/2 years Degree courses in the Government Nizamia Tibbi College, Hyderabad, offers 3 years P.G. Course in the subjects of
1) Moulajat 2) Niswan-o-Atfal 3) Advia.
Each P.G. Course at Sl. No. 1 & 2 got (10) seats and (8) seats for Sl.No.3. Apart from the above College, there is a Private College called Dr.Abdul Haq Unani Medical College, Kurnool, which also offers a similar course of 5 1/2 years duration. This college is receiving grants from Govt. towards payment of salaries to the teaching and non-teaching staff.
GOVERNMENT UNANI DISPENSARIES
There are (193) Government Rural Dispensaries throughout the State. Each dispensary is headed by a Junior Medical Officer, who is assisted by a Compounder and Sweeper-cum-scavenger. In certain District Headquarters, the Dispensaries are managed by Senior Medical Officer.
RESEARCH WING OF UNANI
To promote Research in Unani Medicines, Government have set up a small Research Wing which now located at Government Nizamia General Hospital, Charminar, Hyderabad. The Research Wing is allotted 20 beds in Unani Hospital, Hyderabad to conduct its research activities. The Research Wing is headed by the Research Officer and other supporting staff. At present the Research wing is conducting Research on Paralysis.
The Department maintains a Herbarium at Kattedan, Hyderabad. The total area occupied by the Herbarium is about 5 Acres. The Herbarium maintains different kinds of medicinal plants for exhibition purpose to the students of Ayurvedic and Unani Colleges. Apart from this Government has allotted about 51 Acres of land at Himayatsagar for establishment of Herbarium and to grow medicinal plants.